Afghanistan is still suffering war and bloodshed after 14 years when the United States and its coalition launched “war on terrorism” in Afghanistan to destroy al-Qaeda bases, which the U.S. said was behind the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks.
The U.S.-led global coalition invaded Afghanistan and so the Taliban regime was ousted only months after the al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger aircrafts, crashing two of them into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City and another one into the Pentagon building in northern Virginia. The fourth plane which was steered towards Washington crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
However the Afghans continue to pay for 9/11 attacks which the Americans mark every year to remember about 3,000 American civilians that lost their lives.
The 14 years of U.S. struggle, many believe, not only failed to bring security to Afghanistan but new extremist groups emerged in the landlocked country, such as Daesh that have killed about 600 civilians during the past four months in eastern Nangarhar province.
According to the critics, the al-Qaeda and other militant groups’ bases still exist across Afghanistan’s borders.
“When the Taliban were ousted and the West came to Afghanistan, the people of Afghanistan expected big economic projects but later it looked like a transit journey of West,” said Aman Zeyayi, a University professor.
Although, Afghanistan recorded significant achievements over the past decade, the gains are deemed to be fragile.
“From security point of view, Afghanistan’s problems have not been resolved so far and the reason comes both from inside and outside Afghanistan,” political commentator Mohammad Natiqi said.
Meanwhile, a number of political analysts blame the Afghan government for parts of the international community’s failure in bringing peace to the country.
“Weakness within the Afghan government have been one of the reasons that international community’s presence could not bring peace to Afghanistan,” political analyst Amanuddin Rostaqi said.
Also, the former president Hamid Karzai recently told TOLOnews’ Black and White show that Washington failed in the Afghan mission. He accused the United States of not being honest about Afghanistan’s peace and security.
But the achievements that Afghanistan made since the fall of the Taliban regime are not ever forgettable.
Afghanistan got a Constitution, Parliament, democratic government, uniformed Army and Police and also witnessed three presidential and two parliamentary elections over the past 14 years.
Women’s rights and freedom of expression are considered the important and major gains of Afghanistan.
“Freedom to women, to speech and to the media were in fact unique as compared to a black period of Taliban,” female lawmaker Fawzia Kofi said.